An ankle-brachial index is a simple and non-invasive test performed to diagnose peripheral vascular disease. The index compares the blood pressure of the legs and arms and creates a ratio that shows the availability of blood to flow freely from one extremity to the other.
Dr. David J. Paolini vascular surgeon with Western Vascular Institute discusses signs, symptoms, and treatment of Peripheral Vascular Diseases.
Pelvic congestion syndrome, also known as vulvar varicosities or ovarian reflux, is a common cause of chronic pain in up to 40% of women. PCS is caused by dilation of the ovarian and Pelvic veins in the lower abdomen. The typical age range when a woman develops PCS is from age 20-45 years old.
Strokes are caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain and are classified by the type of blood flow interruption as listed below. Ischemic stroke – occurs when blood vessel blockage prevents blood flow to the brain due to a plaque build-up in the carotid arteries.
Claudication, also referred to as intermittent claudication, is pain caused by reduced blood flow to the lower extremities. Claudication is a symptom of the disease called Peripheral artery or peripheral vascular disease (PAD or PVD) rather than a disease itself. Claudication can cause: Pain in calves,
Radiofrequency closure, also known as radiofrequency ablation, addresses the venous reflex disease that often causes varicose veins. It serves as an alternative to traditional vein stripping, which requires invasive surgical removal of the diseased veins. Instead, radiofrequency ablation uses heat energy to prompt the closure of diseased veins.
Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure performed by injecting a saline solution into the varicose vein. This irritation to the vein causes the defective vein to collapse. The body reroutes the blood supply to bypass the damaged vein, which is eventually reabsorbed into the body.
An Arteriovenous fistula or AV Fistula creation is a surgical connection made by a Vascular Surgeon between an artery and a vein for a patient diagnosed with End-Stage Renal Disease or ESRD. Typically they are located in the arm and are created to allow for long-term Hemo-Dialysis access.
The Joint Commission? What is it? The Joint Commission is an independent non-profit organization that accredits and certifies healthcare organizations in the United States. A Joint Commission accreditation and Gold Seal of approval is a symbol of Quality and Excellence that reflects an organization’s commitment to meeting and exceeding performance and safety standards.
Symptoms: can occur without warning signsAlso felt as discomfort in the affected area including Swelling and pain the affected leg. Additionally, redness and warmth along the vein where the clot is found. Causes Coagulation of blood is an important process that helps to prevent excessive bleeding during injury.