ABI- The ABI or Ankle Brachial Index is a test used to check for the presence of blockages in the peripheral arteries and provide verification that one has Peripheral Arterial Disease or PAD. The test compares blood pressures at your ankle with the blood pressure in your arm. The ABI is calculated by dividing the systolic blood pressure at the ankle by the systolic blood pressure in the arm.
Combines traditional ultrasound sound waves, which bounce off items such as arteries and vessels to create a picture and a doppler ultrasound which records sound waves from moving objects such as blood to measure how they are flowing through the vessel and its velocity or speed.
This study tells us if your aorta is becoming enlarged by measuring the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries. An abdominal aorta over 3cm in diameter is considered aneurysmal. AAAs often have no symptoms; mortality rate is high if they rupture.
- Reasons to have this test: If you have a family history of AAAs or are a male who is between 65-75 years old and has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his lifetime.
This study tells us how the blood flow is getting to your brain. We look at the common carotid, external carotid, internal carotid, vertebral and subclavian arteries to see if there is any plaque that would be obstructing blood flow.
- Reasons to have this test: If you are experiencing any dizziness, sudden vision changes or weakness on one side or the other; if you have a history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), stroke or heart attack.
This study looks at the flow in a graft/stent that has bypassed or stented an occluded or highly obstructed artery. Bypass grafts can be either a vein or a synthetic graft.
- Reason to have this test: If you have a bypass graft that might be showing signs of becoming occluded. Routine ultrasounds can identify these signs and hopefully prevent a problem.
This study helps us to rule out a deep vein thrombosis or incompetent veins. The veins in your legs have valves that help to push the blood back up to your heart; when these valves stop working blood can pool causing swelling and pain.
- Reasons to have this test: If you are experiencing any pain or swelling in your legs, visible varicose veins or ulcers.
This study tells us how the blood flow is getting to your intestines. We look at the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric arteries and abdominal aorta.
- Reasons to have this test: If you have increasing abdominal pain after eating, develop the fear of eating due to stomach pain, or experience extreme weight loss.
This study tells us how the blood is flowing down into your legs. Atherosclerotic plaque can build up in your arteries restricting blood flow down to your feet causing pain after walking short distances.
- Reasons to have the test: If after walking a short distance you start feeling pain or cramping in your buttocks, thighs or calves; if you have a history of diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, smoking, ulcers, and/or non-healing wounds in your feet, ankles or toes.