Pelvic Congestion Syndrome Treatment in Phoenix, Arizona

With many years of extensive vascular experience, the highly trained vascular surgeons at Western Vascular Institute specialize in diagnosing & treating pelvic congestion syndrome. Western Vascular Institute’s three conveniently located service centers house the most advanced & innovative surgery centers & diagnostic imaging capabilities for our valued patients. We will help discover the best treatment plan for you and your lifestyle. For more information, schedule an appointment with one of our vascular surgeons, at one of our locations in Phoenix, Arizona.

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Pelvic congestion syndrome also known as vulvar varicosities or ovarian reflux is a common cause of chronic pain in up to 40% of women. It is caused by dilation of the ovarian and/or pelvic veins in the lower abdomen. The typical age range when a woman develops PCS is from age 20-45 years old.


Pelvic or low back pain that increases after long periods of sitting or standing.
Pain after intercourse (dyspareunia).Pain before the menstrual cycle.Visible varicose veins around the vulva, vagina, inner thigh, and sometimes the buttocks and legs.Painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea).
Abnormal bleeding during menstruation.Fatigue, depression. Swelling of the vagina or vulva. Abnormal tenderness, increased urination, hip pain, and dragging sensation.50% of women with PCS have cystic ovaries.


  • Transvaginal Ultrasounds (the Gold-Standard test).
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
  • Computed Tomography (CT) will provide visualization of incompetent veins and allow for the proper treatment plan.
  • Pelvic Venography-Used to provide a definitive diagnosis and provide treatment at the same time.

Risk factors

Pregnancy, hormones, May-Thurner Syndrome ( Compression of the left Iliac vein by the right iliac artery ) Left renal stenosis, tumors, fibroids, endometriosis, or scarring.


a. Medications such as NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, chronic pain medications such as gabapentin and amitriptyline.
b. Surgical intervention: Ovarian / pelvic vein coil embolization treatment. A catheter is placed into the vein wherein coil emboli (Small medical-grade spheres) are placed into the affected vein blocking the flow of blood in that area allowing the blood to reroute through healthier veins. This procedure can be done in an outpatient setting and has a 98% success rate. Shows a decrease in pain of 83% of patients in long-term follow-up.




Schedule an Appointment

If you have been experiencing symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome it is important that you schedule an appointment with one of our highly-trained vein disease specialists. They will diagnose your symptoms and discover the best treatment option for you. For more information about our Vein Center, please call (480) 668-5000 to schedule your appointment today.

Request an Appointment