Tag: Vein disease

Understanding Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Symptoms:

can occur without warning signs
Also felt as discomfort in the affected area including Swelling and pain the affected leg. Additionally, redness and warmth along the vein where the clot is found.

Causes


Coagulation of blood is an important process that helps to prevent excessive bleeding during injury. However, in the absence of Injury, when the blood is not flowing properly or if it pools in the veins the platelets in the blood that help with coagulation can stick together and cause it to clot.

a. Inactivity- During a long flight or drive
b. Damage to a vein
c. Cancer or other diseases that cause your blood to clot more easily
d. Medications
e. Hormones


Risk Factors

a. Age
b. Obesity
c. Pregnancy
d. Family History of DVT
e. Having a catheter placed in a vein
f. Deep vein injury
g. Smoking

Diagnosis


Your vascular surgeon will ask questions about your symptoms and medical history as well as performing a thorough physical examination.

a. Duplex ultrasound to check the flow of blood in the area of the perceived clot. A Venograph can also be done by injecting a contrast dye into the vein under x-ray to see where the dye is allowed to pass through. The X-ray will show a mapping of your veins and show the area where the contrast dye was unable to pass through. Although DVT’s can generally be diagnosed by duplex ultrasound, venography is another option Western Vascular Institute has available to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatments


Most often a Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT can be treated by a medication known as blood thinners or anticoagulants. These medications help prevent the blood from clotting and over time reduce the size and consistency of the clot.

Staying Healthy


Maintain good overall health including a healthy diet and staying physically active will help reduce the risk of a DVT. It is likewise important to maintain a healthy weight and make sure to follow up with your vascular surgeon to discuss the possibility of long-term blood thinner medications.

Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins are veins that have become enlarged and twisted. They can occur anywhere on the body, but most often appear in the arms and legs. Some cases of varicose veins are solely cosmetic, but often they produce pain and discomfort or lead to other circulatory problems. Possible complications include ulcers near the ankles, bleeding, or blood clots.

In healthy leg veins, tiny valves keep blood from pooling in the lower body. When these veins become stretched with age, the valves fail and blood accumulates.

Our Board-certified vascular surgeons have extensive experience treating varicose veins.

Painful, tired legs? It could be Varicose or Spider Veins!

 

 Vascular surgeons are the only specialist focusing
 exclusively on Vein & Artery disorders. 

Do you suffer from:

  • Aching & uncomfortable legs
  • Itching/muscle cramps
  • Swelling in feet & ankles
  • Burning or throbbing
  • Leg heaviness/tiredness
  • Skin discoloration

Treatments

  • Compression stockings
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Phlebectomy
 

 

Endovenous Radiofrequency Ablation or RFA procedure

Endovenous radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive procedure performed by a vascular surgeon that utilizes radiofrequency energy to heat a catheter element which, when inserted into the vein, shrinks the wall of the vessel. This shrinkage or ablation of the vein closes off the blood flow to the incompetent area of the vein allowing the vein to create new healthy pathways where it is needed.

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