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Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis2018-09-18T21:53:07+00:00

What is Venous Thrombus?

Symptoms: can occur without warning signs

Also felt as discomfort in the affected area including: Swelling and pain the affected leg. Also, redness and warmth along the vein where the clot is found.

Causes

Coagulation of blood is an important process that helps to prevent excessive bleeding during injury. However, in the absence of Injury, when the blood is not flowing properly or if it pools in the veins the platelets in the blood that help with coagulation can stick together and cause it to clot.

a. Inactivity- During a long flight or drive
b. Damage to a vein
c. Cancer or other diseases that cause your blood to clot more easily
d. Medications
e. Hormones

Risk Factors

a. Age
b. Obesity
c. Pregnancy
d. Family History of DVT
e. Having a catheter placed in a vein
f. Deep vein injury
g. Smoking

Diagnosis

Your vascular surgeon will ask questions about your symptoms and medical history as well as performing a thorough physical examination.

a. Duplex ultrasound to check the flow of blood in the area of the perceived clot. A Venograph can also be done by injecting a contrast dye into the vein under x-ray to see where the dye is allowed to pass through. The X-ray will show a mapping of your veins and show the area where the contrast dye was unable to pass through. Although DVT’s can generally be diagnosed by a duplex ultrasound, venography is another option Western Vascular Institute has available to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatments

Most often a Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT can be treated by medication known as blood thinners or anticoagulants. These medications help prevent the blood from clotting and overtime reduce the size and consistency of the clot.

Staying Healthy

Maintain a good overall health including a healthy diet and staying physically active will help reduce the risk of a DVT. It is likewise important to maintain a healthy weight and make sure to follow up with your vascular surgeon to discuss the possibility of long term blood thinner medications.

From our Learning Center
Venous Insufficiency

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