General feeling of fatigue and illness. Decrease urine output, headaches, un-intentional weight loss, loss of appetite, and nausea.
Diabetes causes damage to the nephrons (filters within the kidneys) due to chronic high blood sugar. High blood pressure also causes damage in the kidney blood vessels. Additional risk factors include: Heart disease, smoking, obesity, family history of kidney disease and age over 60.
Arteriovenous Fistula creation (AV Fistula): A connection made by a vascular surgeon between an artery and vein allowing the vein to become larger and be used for repeated dialysis procedures.
Arteriovenous Graft (AV Graft): When patients are not appropriate candidates for a AV Fistula then a AV graft can be used. An AV graft is an artificial piece of tubing that is used to create the connection between the artery and vein. This tube is then punctured for the future dialysis procedures.
Fistulagram or Hemodialysis access maintenance – An x-ray study of the fistula to detect and occlusions, clotting, or other issues with the fistula.